Potatoes – plant type popular in the world Wednesday
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- 11 November 2016
Potato Tuber crops are the most popular in the world, ranking 4th in terms of yields fresh – just behind rice, wheat and maize.
The first potato was planted more than 7,000 years ago in Peru’s southern region and this plant has only one origin. A study in 2005 showed that potato only a single origin is from the southern region of Peru.
This has upset the previous hypothesis that this plant was first cultivated in Argentina or Bolivia. After analyzing the DNA of 261 apricot varieties and 98 varieties of wild potatoes are potatoes grown man, the American and British scientists have concluded that the potato varieties are derived from a species of potato are grown in South South Peru from about 7,000 to 10,000 years ago.
Peru has 4,000 different potato varieties.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, China has become the country’s largest potato producer in the world, followed by India. Particularly producing potato production in China and India accounted for 1/3 of global production. That made many people misunderstand the origin of potatoes originated from China.
But the head of potato production, but in the 95 million tons of annual output, up to more than half for export or for animal feed. Chinese people eat less potatoes. These foods are deemed only for poverty class.
Currently in the country Peru has 3,000 different kinds of potatoes. Potatoes in Peru not only yellow earth and circles as fertilizer in Vietnam that diversity. In particular, in the Peruvian purple potatoes not only taste delicious, but also nuts are good for health. In 2006, the country has been patented internationally potato is a product of Peru. Currently, the International Potato Center, based in Lima, Peru, where they maintained a collection of ISO potato worldwide.